Engajando a reentrada do prisioneiro: identidades, masculinidade e posicionalidade de ex-infratores

Kenneth M. Williamson


Este artigo explora as surpreendentes disparidades raciais no encarceramento e as dificuldades de reentrada para jovens adultos afro-americanos e latinos nos Estados Unidos. Quinze ex-criminosos afro-americanos e latinos foram entrevistados no estado deConnecticut em 2005-2006; a maioria foi encarcerada na adolescência e todos em algum momento entre as idades de 16-25. O artigo defende um repensar mais amplo da reentrada, além da prevenção da reincidência e minimizando o estigma de ser um ex-infrator por meio do foco nas identidades, masculinidades e posicionalidade. As ideias de masculinidade podem ajudar a mitigar o estigma extremo que os homens latinos e afro-americanos.

Texto completo:



Alexander, Michelle. 2010. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York, NY: New Press.

Arditti, Joyce A., Sara A. Smock, and Tiffaney S. Parkman. 2005. ‘It’s Been Hard to Be a Father’: A Qualitative Exploration of Incarcerated Fatherhood. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research & Practice about Men as Fathers 3 (3): 267–88

Bourdieu, Pierre and Jean-Claude Passeron. 1977. Reproduction: In Education, Society, and Culture. Beverly Hills: Sage.

Bourgois, Phillipe. 1995. In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bourgois, Phillipe. 1996. Confronting Anthropology, Education and Inner-City

Apartheid. American Anthropologist 98(2): 249-258.

Bourgois, Philippe. 2003. Crack and the Political Economy of Social Suffering. Addiction Research & Theory 11(1): 31–37

Cain, Carol. 1991. Personal Stories: Identity Acquisition and Self-Understanding in Alcoholic Anonymous. Ethos 19(2): 210-253.

Coates Ta-Nehisi. 2015. The Black Family in the Age of Mass Incarceration. The Atlantic 316 (3): 60-84.

Cole, Johnnetta B., and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. 2004. Gender Talk: The Struggle for Women’s Equality in African American Communities. Ballantine Books: New York.

Collin, Patricia Hill. 2005. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender and the New Racism. Routledge: New York.

Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System 2004. Executive Summary: Annual Report and Recommendations 2003-2004.


Accessed 3/16/20

Eiserman, Julie M., Sarah Diamond, and Jean J. Schensul. 2005. ‘Rollin’ on E’: A Qualitative Analysis of Ecstasy Use among Inner City Adolescents and Young Adults. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. 4(2): 9–38

Freudenberg, Nicholas. 2006. “Coming Home From Jail.” American Jails 20 (4): 9–24.

Holzer, Harry J., Steven Raphael, and Michael A. Stoll. 2001. ‘Will Employers Hire Ex-Offenders? Employer Preferences, Background Checks, and Their Determinants.’ In The Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities, eds Mary Patillo-McCoy, David Weiman and Bruce Western. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Harry J. Holzer, Steven Raphael, and Michael A. Stoll. 2006. Perceived Criminality, Criminal Background Checks, and the Racial Hiring Practices of Employers. The Journal of Law & Economics 49 (2): 451-480.

Immarigeon, Russell, and Shadd Maruna. 2004. After Crime and Punishment. Cullompton: Willan.

Karp, David R. 2010. “Unlocking Men, Unmasking Masculinities: Doing Men’s Work in Prison.” The Journal of Men’s Studies. 18(1): 63-83.

Kleis, Kathryn M. 2010. ‘Facilitating Failure: Parole, Reentry, and Obstacles to Success.’ Dialectial

Anthropology. 34(4): 525-531

Lemons, Gary L. 2008. Black Male Outsider: Teaching As a Pro-Feminist Man: A Memoir. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Levinson, Bradley A. and Dorothy C. Holland. 1996. The Cultural Production of the Educated Person:

An Introduction. In The Cultural Production of the Educated Person: Critical Ethnographies of

Schooling and Local Practice. State University of New York: Albany. Bradley Levinson, Douglas

Foley, and Dorothy Holland, eds. Pp. 1-54.

Lo, Celia C. and Richard C. Stephens. 2000. “Drugs and Prisoners: Treatment Needs on Entering Prison.” American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse. 26 (2): 229–45.

Maruna, Shadd. 2001. Making Good: How Ex-Convicts Rebuild and Reform Their Lives. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Mauer, Marc. 2010. Justice for All? Challenging Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System. https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/justice-for-all-challenging-

racial-disparities-in-the-criminal-justice-system/ Accessed 3/16/20.

Mauer, Marc and Ryan S. King. 2007. Uneven Justice: State Rates of Incarceration by Race and Ethnicity. http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/rd_stateratesofincbyraceandethnicity.

pdf Accessed 3/16/20.

Barbara J., Myers, Smarsh Tina M., Amlund-hagen Kristine, and Kennon Suzanne. 1999. Children of Incarcerated Mothers. Journal of Child & Family Studies. 8:(1): 11-25.

Pelissier, Bernadette, Nicole Jones, and Timothy Cadigan. 2007. Drug Treatment Aftercare in the Criminal Justice System: A Systematic Review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 32(3): 311-320.

Petersilia, Joan. 2004. What Works in Prisoner Reentry? Reviewing and Questioning the Evidence. Federal Probation, 68 (2): 4-8.

Phillips Susan D. and Alan J. Dettlaff. 2009. More than Parents in Prison: The Broader Overlap between the Criminal Justice and Child Welfare Systems. Journal of Public Child Welfare 3 (1): 3–22.

Phillips, Susan D., Erkanli Alaattin, E. Jane Costello, and Adrian Angold. 2006. Parental Criminal Justice Involvement Disentangling the Risks: Parent Criminal Justice Involvement and Children’s Exposure to Family Risks. Criminology and Public Policy. 5(4): 677–702.

Pogrebin, Mark R., Paul B. Stretesky, Alexandra Walker, and Tara Opsal. 2020. Rejection, Humiliation, and Parole: A Study of Parolees’ Perspectives. Symbolic Interaction 38 (3): 413–430.

Prison Policy Initiative. 2000a. http://www.prisonpolicy.org/graphs/CT_Black.html Accessed 3/16/20.

Prison Policy Initiative. 2000b. http://www.prisonpolicy.org/graphs/CT_Latino.html. Accessed 3/16/20.

Prison Policy Initiative. 2000c. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/graphs/CT_White.html Accessed 3/16/20.

Schensul, Jean J. and Gary J. Burkholder. 2005. Vulnerability, Social Networks, Sites and Selling as Predictors of Drug Use Among Urban African American and Puerto Rican Emerging Adults. Journal of Drug Issues 35(2): 370-407.

Schensul, Jean J., Sarah Diamond, William Disch, Rey Bermudez, & Julie Eiserman. 2005. The Diffusion of Ecstasy Though Urban Youth Networks, Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 4:39-71.

Seal DW, Belcher L, Morrow K, Eldridge G, Binson D, Kacanek D, Margolis AD, McAuliffe T, and Simms R. 2004. A Qualitative Study of Substance Use and Sexual Behavior among 18- to 29-Year-Old Men While Incarcerated in the United States. Health Education & Behavior 31(6): 775–89.

Seiter, Richard P. and Karen R. Kadela. 2003. Prisoner Reentry, What Works, What Does Not, and What is Promising. 49(3): 360-388.

Solomon, Amy L., Kelly Dedel Johnson, Jeremy Travis, and Elizabeth C. McBride 2004. From Prison to Work: The Employment Dimensions of Prisoner Reentry. Urban Institute: Washington DC. Accessed 3/22/2020.


State Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System. 2004. Annual Report and Recommendation 2003-2004. Accessed 3/22/2020


Travis, Jeremy. 2000. But They All Come Back: Rethinking Prisoner Reentry. Sentencing & Corrections: 7: 1-11. U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. Accessed 3/19/2020. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/181413.pdf

Travis, Jeremy, Anna Crayton, and Debbie A. Mukamal. 2009. A New Era in Prisoner Reentry. Corrections Today 71(6): 38-41.

Travis, Jeremy and Michelle Waul eds, 2003. Prisoners Once Removed: The Impact of Incineration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.

Trimbur, Lucia. 2009. ‘Me and the Law Is Not Friends’: How Former Prisoners Make Sense of Reentry. Qualitative Sociology. 32(3): 259-277.

Visher, Christy A., and Daniel J. O’Connell. 2012. “Incarceration and Inmates’ Self Perceptions about Returning Home.” Journal of Criminal Justice. 40(5): 386-393.

Visher, Christy A., and Jeremy Travis. 2003. Transitions from Prison to Community: Understanding Individual Pathways. Annual Review of Sociology 29: 89-113

Visher, Christy A., and Jeremy Travis, eds. 2005. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Visher, Christy A., and Jeremy Travis. 2011. Life on the Outside: Returning Home after Incarceration. The Prison Journal 91 (3): 102S–119S

Wacquant, Loic. (2002). From Slavery to Mass Incarceration. New Left Review 13: 41-60.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26694/caedu.v3i2.12277


  • Não há apontamentos.

ISSN 2675-1496


LATINDEX https://latindex.org/latindex/ficha?folio=29358

SUMÁRIOS https://www.sumarios.org/revista/caminhos-da-educação

CROSSREF https://www.crossref.org/ 

FLACSO https://www.flacso.org.ar/latinrev/

CNEN http://www.cnen.gov.br/centro-de-informacoes-nucleares/livre

ORCID http://www.orcid.org

ABEC Brasil https://www.abecbrasil.org.br

GOOGLE ACADÊMICO https://scholar.google.com.br/citations?hl=pt-BR&authuser=2&user=xO14s_4AAAAJ